The Center For Epidemiologic Studies Depression

Question

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to assess depression among 535 African American and Hispanic young males ages 14 to 27 attending a family planning clinic. The as…

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)
was used to assess depression among 535 African American and
Hispanic young males ages 14 to 27 attending a family planning
clinic. The assessment indicated that 119 (22.2%) males met the
criteria for depression. The study likewise examined the
associations between depression, sociodemographic, and service
requests. The study ultimately concluded that depressed males were
more likely than nondepressed males to be Hispanic and to request
services related to relationships, feelings, financial resources,
physical issues, and well-being. The findings indicated that young
males who are affected by depression have unmet needs, but when
given an opportunity, can express those needs. Because family
planning clinics are increasing the number of male clients, they
are well positioned to screen them for depression.

  • Describe the variables used in the analysis, along with the
    level of measurement (i.e., nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio)
    for each variable.
  • Explain why the researchers used chi-square to analyze the
    data. In other words, how does the level at which each variable is
    measured determines which analysis is appropriate?
  • Did the authors use a diverse group of participants (e.g.,
    various ages, races, etc.) in their research?

Solutions

Expert Solution

1. The study assessed the following variables:

– Gender, ethnicity and depression, measured at the nominal
level.

– Age and service requests, measured at the ratio level.

2. The Chi Square statistic is commonly used for testing
relationships between categorical variables. It is the most
appropriate statistical tool for this study because the variables
of interest are measured at the nominal level.

3. It appears that the authors did not use a diverse sample for
the study. They focused on participants from two ethnicities only,
within a restricted age range. Furthermore, they only collected
their data from a single family planning clinic.


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