Solenoid Is Connected To Battery So That Steady Current Flows Through It

A solenoid is connected to a battery so that a steady current flows through it. If an iron … , will the current increase or decrease…


This problem is based on Lenz’s law and according to this law, the direction of induced emf or current in a circuit is such as to oppose the cause that produces it.

When the iron core is inserted in the current carrying solenoid, the magnetic field increases due to the magnetisation of iron core and hence the flux increases.
So, the emf induced in the coil must oppose this increase in flux, so the current induced in the coil in such a direction that it will oppose the increasing magnetic field which can be done by making decrease in current. So, the current will decrease.