In a meter bridge, the point D is a neutral point (figure). (a) The meter bridge can have … When R is increased, the neutral point…
Key concept: Meter bridge: In case of meter bridge, the resistance wire AC is 100 cm long. Varying the position of tapping point B, bridge is balanced. If in balanced position of bridge AB = l, BC = (100 – l) so that Q/P= (100-l)/l. Also P/Q=R/S⇒S=(100-l)/l R
When there is no deflection in galvanometer there is no current across the galvanometer, then points B and D are at same potential. That point at which galvanometer shows no deflection is called null point, then potential at B and neutral point D are same. When the jockey contacts a point on the meter wire to the right of D, the potential drop across AD is more than potential drop across AB, which brings the potential of point D less than that of B, hence current flows from B to D in the galvanometer wire.