Define the following terms and give two examples in each case. (a) Symbiosis (b) Parasitism (c) Predation
(a) Symbiosis: It refers to relationships between organisms of different species that show on intimate association with each other. Symbiotic relationships provide atleast one of the participating species with a nutritional advantage.
Examples of Symbiosis Relationships are of Fungus and photosynthetic alga and Microbes and cattle.
(b) Parasitism: Parasitism is a type of symbiotic relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host. Examples of Parasitism are 4 tapeworms, flukes, the Plasmodium species and mosquitoes.
(c) Predation: A predator is any consumer that kills and eats another living organism in order to obtain energy. The organism being eaten is called prey.
Examples are Lions, Deer, Wolves, Eagles.