Define communalism. Explain any three forms of Communalism in the Indian Politics.
(i) Communalism is a situation when beliefs of one religion are presented as superior to those of other religions. When the demands of one religious group are formed in opposition to another and when state power is used to establish domination of one religious group over the rest.
(ii) Various forms of communalism in politics:
(a) The most common expression of communalism is in every day beliefs.
(b) A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community.
(c) Political mobilisation on religious lines is another frequent form of communalism. This involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeals and plan fear.