Define Catalyst

(a) Define catalyst. (b) What are (i) positive catalysts and (ii) negative catalysts? … Name three biochemical catalysts found in the…


(a) Catalyst: A catalyst is a substance that either increases or decreases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any chemical change during the reaction.

(b) (i) Positive catalyst: When a catalyst increases the rate of chemical reaction, it is called positive catalyst.
e.g. when potassium chlorate heated to 700°C decomposes to evolve oxygen gas, when MnO2 is added the decomposition takes place at 300°C

(ii) Negative catalyst: When a catalyst decreases the rate of chemical reaction it is called negative catalyst.
Example. Phosphoric acid acts as a negative catalyst to decrease the rate of the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Alcohol too acts as a negative catalyst in certain chemical reactions.

(c) Biochemical catalysts found in human body:

  1. Pepsin
  2. Tryspin
  3. lipase.