Can Disease Be Detected Before Its Symptoms Appear

Can a disease be detected before its symptoms appear ? Explain the principle involved.

Answers:

Presence of a pathogen (bacteria, viruses, etc.) is normally suspected only when the pathogen has produced a disease symptom. By this time the concentration of pathogen is already very high in the body. However, very low concentration of a bacteria or virus (at a time when the symptoms of the disease are not yet visible) can be detected by amplification of their nucleic acid by PCR.