Assertion (A): Graphite is a good conductor of electricity, however, diamond belongs to the category … other hand diamond is very…
(b) Diamond is bad conductor of electricity because all valence e of carbon are involved in bonding. In graphite however 3 out of 4 valence electrons are involved in bonding, fourth electron remains free between adjacent layers which makes it a good conductor.
Graphite is soft because parallel layers are held together by week van der Waals force. However, diamond is hard due to compact three-dimensional network of bonding.