A Wheel In Uniform Motion About An Axis Passing Through Its Centre And Perpendicular To Its Plane Is Considered To Be In Mechanical

A wheel in uniform motion about an axis passing through its centre and perpendicular to its plane … require external forces to…


Internal elastic forces gives rise to the centripetal acceleration of its particles in a wheel. These forces are in pairs and cancel each other because they are part of a symmetrical system. In a half wheel, the distribution of mass about its centre of mass (through which axis of rotation passes) is not symmetrical. Therefore, the direction of angular momentum of the wheel does not coincide with the direction of its angular velocity. Hence, an external torque is required to maintain the motion of the half wheel.