ANS- The ratio represented by the phenotype is in the form of
As we count three from one group and one from other group.
Ans b – It is unable for me to describe statistically ratio.
Hope you can find and get correct answer.
Ans c – A true breeding is a kind of breeding wherein the
parents would produce offspring that would carry the same
phenotype. This means that the parents are homozygous for every
trait. … With plants, true breeding occurs when plants produce
only offspring of the same variety when they self-pollinate.
True breeding means that the parents will also pass down a
specific phenotypic trait to their offspring.True bred organisms
will have a pure genotype (genetic expression of a trait) and will
only produce a certain phenotype. True bred is sometimes also
called pure bred.
For Examples –
The gene for seed shape in pea plants exists in two forms, one form
or allele for round seed shape (R) and the other for wrinkled seed
shape (r). The round seed shape is dominant to the wrinkled seed
shape. A true-breeding plant with round seeds would have a genotype
of (RR) for that trait and a true-breeding plant with wrinkled
seeds would have a genotype of (rr). When allowed to
self-pollinate, the true-breeding plant with round seeds would
produce only progeny with round seeds. The true-breeding plant with
wrinkled seeds would only produce progeny with wrinkled seeds.
Cross-pollination between a true-breeding plant with round seeds
and a true-breeding plant with wrinkled seeds (RR X rr) results in
offspring (F1 generation) that are all heterozygous dominant for
round seed shape (Rr).
Self-pollination in F1 generation plants (Rr X Rr) results in
offspring (F2 generation) with a 3-to-1 ratio of round seeds to
wrinkled seeds. Half of these plants would be heterozygous for
round seed shape (Rr), 1/4 would be homozygous dominant for round
seed shape (RR), and 1/4 would be homozygous recessive for wrinkled
seed shape (rr).
ANS- d- Genotype refers the genes that an individual has.
Phenotype refers to traits that an individual has, due to which
genes are expressed and how. Two individuals could have the same
genotype, but different phenotypes due to environmental factors
influencing the expression of genes.